This study examines the complex relationship between the Ultramontane Catholic Church and different forms of modernity in the context of the Brazilian First Republic (1889–1930). While the adjective “modern” turned into a discursive weapon to label and reject all kinds of criticized phenomena in Brazilian society (from “modern” literature, arts, theatre, or dances to “modern” – meaning secular – education), the representatives of the Brazilian Ultramontanism fully embraced scientific arguments and the mantle of progress, even adapting to certain aspects of the ideology of modernity promoted by their liberal competitors.
Keywords: Ultramontanism, Catholic Church, modernity, liberalism, Brazil
Časopis "Lidé města"
Fakulta humanitních studií Univerzity Karlovy
182 00 Praha 8 - Libeň